A denture is a removable replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissues.
There are two types of dentures
The ideal time to place a complete denture is 8-12 weeks after the teeth have been removed. Immediate dentures are dentures which are fabricated before the removal of the teeth but it can only be considered as a temporary solution.
The placed in the ideal arrangement as your natural teeth would be and it restores the functions of speech and mastication. It also enhances aesthetics.
They are made of a plastic base that is coloured in order to replicate the gum tissues and forms the base on which the plastic or porcelain teeth are placed. It is held in place by attaching dental implants that are surgically placed in the bone of the jaws but this treatment is more expensive.
They must be placed in a container of water or denture cleaner when not worn. They must not be placed in hot water. Mouth should be rinsed daily without dentures. Dentures should last a minimum of 5 years.
These partial dentures can either be made with plastic base or a metal framework that supports the number of teeth that needs to be replaced.
It is held in the mouth by using clasps that are metal extensions which hug the natural teeth adjacent to the space left by the missing teeth.
A metal framework is better as it is more rigid due to the strength of he metal. Plastic normally used as emergency or temporary replacements of missing teeth.
Dental implants are posts that replicates your own tooth root. These implants are made to replace the root of a tooth, and an artificial tooth will be attached to the post. When the exact position of the implant is determined, your dentist will drill an initial pilot hole into the jaw. This hole will be slowly enlarged until the exact size of the implant is achieved. The screw of the implant is then screwed in place, the gum is then secured over it and a top screw is placed to protect the implant.
At this stage the implant will be left for a period so healing and osseo-integration (fusing of the bone to the implant) can happen. This normally takes around 4-6 months. On your next dental visit, your dentist will uncover the top part of the dental implant and attach the (abutment) top part of the permanent implant to the screw.
When this is in place a temporary crown can be made and impressions can be taken for a crown to be made. Whilst the crown is being made, the temporary crown acts as a template and the gum slowly forms around it in a natural way.
The last step will be when the crown will be placed and your new tooth is complete.
A good oral hygiene routine is vital. The fusing of the bone to the dental implants can also vary from person to person. There may be swelling and bleeding after the first phase of placing the implant. Your dentist may prescribe pain medication for you to relieve any discomfort you have.
For at least 5 days after the first phase of your implant placement you should only be chewing soft foods. There may be stitches that need to be removed after 5 days if dissolving ones are not used.
Cleaning of the site is very important, as well as cleaning the temporary crown. The cleaning can be carried out as you would your normal teeth as it is vital for the gum to remain healthy and the fusing of the Dental Implant.
Flossing is also advised as any bacteria surrounding the implant could cause the implant failure.
Smoking also contributes to implant failure so it is best advised to not smoke after surgery.