It is the procedure in which the gums are separated from the teeth and folded back temporarily to allow a dentist to reach the root of the tooth and the bone.
It is carried out in patients with moderate to advanced periodontitis which is inflammation of the gums and underlying tissue.
Before performing the surgery your general health or current medications will be evaluated by your dentist.
After numbing the area with a local anesthetic, your dentist will use a scalpel to gently separate the gums from the teeth then lift an fold it back in the form of a flap. inflamed tissue is removed from between the teeth and from any defects in the bone. After cleaning the root of the plaque and tartar your dentist will smoothen any bone defects with a rotating bur.
Once this is done the gums are placed back against the teeth and anchored in place using stitches. Some stitches dissolve on their own, some are removed after 10 days post surgery and a pack or dressing may be placed.
Pain medication is prescribed. There may be swelling and bleeding in the area.